Packaged Boiler Operation

1 month ago

At the end of the twentieth century, more stringent boiler manufacturing standards were introduced, particularly in the area of ​​welding technology and inspection, and the development of digital control systems that now offer high levels of reliability. Unbeatable reliability. The microprocessor-based modern “Boiler Control System” (BCS) has high integrity and is capable of performing many of the tasks traditionally performed by skilled operators, allowing for long periods of automated operation without human intervention. One. An essential feature of modern boilers is that they are designed to operate unattended for long periods of time.

The level of personnel supervision and operator training requirements depends on the complexity of the Boiler Control System (BCS). They are defined in local boiler specifications and standards and vary widely between jurisdictions. For example, in some cases, a high pressure boiler is defined as any boiler operating at pressures greater than 1 bar (about 15 psi) and must always be under operator control, regardless of any other considerations. qualified. Other jurisdictions have imposed capacity limits on unsupervised operations, but in many countries, boiler regulations and other relevant laws have been revised and expanded to meet industry demand for these types of boilers.

All types of industrial boilers are generally classified into three categories in terms of operational requirements and qualifications. They are:

  • Assist the boiler;
  • Auxiliary limited boilers;
  • Unsupervised boilers.

What is a “packaging boiler”?

The term “filled boiler” is used to describe a factory-made boiler (one off boiler service) that is fully assembled or delivered in the form of a prefabricated module that can be easily assembled on site. It is essentially a complete autonomous device with all the equipment needed to control the system and operate.

The boiler manufacturer is responsible for all components, and after delivery, it is connected to the steam distribution system, water, fuel and electricity are sufficient. Almost all small and medium-sized boilers currently manufactured are packaged boilers, which can be water pipes or conventional water pipe types, including their derivatized or mixed boilers, such as primary boilers and electrodes. .

What is a monitoring boiler?

Until recently, most steam boilers were operating in “auxiliary” mode. In other words, they must have a qualified operator near the site and near the boiler (one off boiler service). Since the introduction of microprocessor technology in boilers around 1990, many boiler owners with traditional help have updated their control systems. Since microprocessor control is almost universal in new packaging boilers, traditional boiler operators are becoming endangered species in small and medium process steam plants. At a minimum, its function has shifted from direct and practical operations to overseeing the operation of BCS and performing tasks that ensure its integrity and meet boiler code and standards requirements.

The operation of boilers has evolved to the extent that in many jurisdictions, it is unusual to make full use of their operations outside of large, complex facilities. The exceptions are large energy companies, chemical recovery boilers and similar integrated processes where boilers are key components.